Diabetes is a chronic illness which can affect people of all ages. In the past, kids only really suffered from Type-1, but over the past decade, there has been an alarming increase in the number of kids suffering from Type-2.
Prevention is the best form of cure concerning Type-2, but despite the sheer volume of people suffering from this disease, many people are still unaware of how their lifestyles can have a negative impact on their health. A diagnosis of diabetes in children can be traumatic for all the family. Therefore, hopefully, these diabetes guidelines for children will increase your awareness of this condition and help you should your little one start displaying symptoms.
What Is the Difference Between Type-1 and Type-2 Diabetes?
Type-1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas stops producing insulin to regulate the level of glucose in the blood. Type-1 can affect kids of any age, even if they are otherwise healthy. Unfortunately, there is nothing we can do to prevent this disease from striking.
Type-2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. Unlike type-1 this condition is usually associated with age or inactivity. It used to only happen in adults, but the rise in childhood obesity has seen an increase in cases in young people.
What to Look Out For
There are some tell-tale symptoms in both types of diabetes. If you notice any of them in your kids, you should get them checked up immediately.
- Excessive thirst
- Many trips to the toilet at night
- Weight loss
- blurred vision
How To Lower The Risk Factors For Type-2
As we mentioned above, type-2 diabetes used to be associated with adults above 40 and was a result of several factors such as poor health, age, and ethnicity. However, as childhood obesity has risen in the US, type-2 cases in kids have also increased.
If your family doesn’t have a history of type-2 diabetes, then there are many things you can do to help prevent your kids from getting it.
Healthy Diet – make sure that your kid’s diet is varied and consists of a wide range of low-fat foods. Try and introduce many different kinds of nutrients such as vegetables, fruit, lean meat, and unsweetened dairy products.
Go Easy on the Sugar – a diet high in sugar can lead to weight gain, which is a significant risk factor in type-2 diabetes. You don’t have to eliminate soda, candy, processed juices, and chocolate completely, but they should be given as treats only.
Keep Them Active – Get the kids out of the house and minimize all forms of screen time. An active lifestyle is one of the best ways to keep your child’s weight at a healthy level.
What Do I Do If My Kid Has Been Diagnosed With Diabetes?
Any diagnosis is sure to be a stressful event for all members of the family. The good news is that your kid can still lead a full and active life.
Your pediatric team will be able to create a care plan and help you all with the transition. They will be on hand to answer questions and guide you through the medication and lifestyle adjustments.